A knee injury occurs when the knee joint with the tendons and ligaments that surround it as well as the bones, cartilage and ligaments that form the joint get damaged. The knee is a very buy dihydrocodeine uk complex joint that gets used a great deal over its lifetime and taking note of a knee injury can be just as complex.
There are several types of knee injury.
1. There are four ligaments contained within the knee joint. The ligaments are tissue that connects the thighbone to the lower leg bones. A knee injury to the ligaments occurs when one of these ligaments has a tear in it which may be caused by a fall or other trauma. The results are immediate pain that gets worse as one tries to walk or bend the knee; a popping sound; the inability to bear weight on the knee that has been injured and a feeling that the knee might buckle.
2. When one of the cords that attaches the muscles to the bones, known as a tendon, gets irritated or inflamed, then the knee injury is known as tendinitis. The symptoms that can occur include knee pain; swelling of the knee cap or just below it; jumping, running or climbing stairs that produces worsening pain; and the inability of the knee to be extended or straightened out.
3. A piece of cartilage that is crescent-shaped within the knee joint is known as the meniscus. Tears in the meniscus cause knee injury. The results are typically pain in the knee, a slow swelling of the knee within one to one and a half days after the injury and a feeling that the knee may be locked in place.
4. There are small pouches of fluid that cushion the outside of the knee and these are known as bursa. They can get inflamed and consequently the knee can feel warm, swell, get red, be in pain even when resting, ache or be stiff when walking or have a great deal of pain when going up and down stairs and kneeling.
5. When the triangular bone that covers the front of the knee falls out place, then a knee injury known as a dislocated knee cap has occurred. The dislocation is fairly obvious as one can see the kneecap moving from side to side. This is followed by intense pain, swelling and problems with straightening out the knee and walking.
6. There is a type of knee injury that primarily affects athletic teenagers and happens from overuse. The symptoms of this knee injury include pain that worsens after activities such as running and jumping, swelling and tenderness at the bony points just below the knee cap. This knee injury can be prolonged over several months and continues until the teenager stops growing.